Annual Report

Annual Report

1945–1946

Book - 1946?
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This is the first United Nations Annual Report presented for the period 1945–1946. The United Nations came into existence on October 24, 1945 upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council—France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States—and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. The first Secretary-General, Trygve Lie of Norway, presented this Annual Report which captures the early activities of the new organization up to June 1946.At this early stage for the organization, some critical political and security questions were already on the agenda. The Security Council examined issues related to Iran, Greece, Indonesia, Syria and Lebanon, as well as Spain. The work of the Military Staff Committee and the Atomic Energy Commission is described.With regard to economic and social matters, the work of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and its subsidiary bodies is highlighted. The list of those bodies reflect the priorities of the time: Economic and Employment Commission, Temporary Transport and Communication Commission, Statistical Commission, Commission on Human Rights and the Commission on the Status of Women. Major efforts were dedicated to an International Health Conference, the question of refugees and the proposed International Conference on Trade and Employment. Finally, the General Assembly approved a resolution on the World Shortage of Cereals.A system of international trusteeship and non-self-governing territories was being established, including negotiations of trusteeship agreements.Legal matters are described. This includes the organization of the Legal Department, the establishment of the interim headquarters and the Secretariat, and the General Convention on Privileges and Immunities granted by the United States and the Swiss authorities. The first Annual Report also describes the transfer of activities and assets from the League of Nations to the United Nations, including personnel, buildings and archives.A major priority was the establishment of the temporary and subsequently the permanent headquarters of the United Nations in New York. Mentioning is made of the housing problem and the need for office space for delegations.During this initial period, the administrative arrangements of the new organization were put in place. Detailed mentioning is made of the administrative structure of the secretariat and the staffing of departments, the classification and grading of posts and the conditions of employment. By mid-1946, the United Nations included approximately 1,200 staff (compared to 60,000 in 2013). The procedure for the development of the 1946 and 1947 budgets had been determined. At this early stage, concern focused already on developing a machinery for the control of expenditures. Moreover, a number of technical services needed to be established, including conference services and buildings management.The first Annual Report of the United Nations for 1945–1946 tells an existing story of this early period when the foundation of the organization was being established. This anthology includes all 67 Annual Reports issued so far and presents the evolution of the United Nations on a year-to-year basis. When compared in particular with the most recent Annual Report, which captures the period 2011–2012, it becomes apparent how the United Nations and the world have changed.
Publisher: [s.l.] : United Nations, [1946?]
Characteristics: 1 online resource.

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