ORAL PRESENTATION RUNNER UP Abstract: "Jazz, the New Negro, & the Harlem Renaissance" explores what led to the migration of African Americans into the city of Harlem and the historical factors that led to the African American intellectual, artistic and literary movement known as the Harlem renaissance or the New Negro Movement. As Harlem exploded with intellectuals, the culture within the African American community began change to reflect the new ideas of the black man and woman. The movement itself was a "rebirth" of African American cultural expression and advocate for improvement in the status of blacks. This rebirth fostered entertainers like Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington, Ethel Waters, dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robison; intellectuals like Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston; and establishments like the Cotton Club. Stretching far past the city of Harlem, The New Negro Movement helped with the advancement of African Americans and is significant to African American history as a whole.